Ingredients Glossary

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A

Acetyl Carnitine HCI

Category:

Antioxidant

Description:

A naturally occurring amino acid that hydrates skin, supports elasticity, calms inflammation and helps minimize the appearance of scars. 

Adenine

Category:

Vitamin, antioxidant

Description:

A form of vitamin B, this essential vitamin improves the appearance of wrinkles and helps reduce oxidative damage caused by UV rays and free radicals.

Allantoin

Category:

Botanical, skin-soothing

Description:

A compound derived from the comfrey plant that soothes, hydrates, and supports healthy skin. Allantoin is an over-the-counter (OTC) skin protectant, and is proven to relieve dry, chapped skin. Its method of healing the skin is unusual because it is also a keratolytic agent that stimulates cell turnover.

Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract (Aloe)

Category:

Botanical, skin-soothing, humectant 

Description:

Produced from the leaves of the aloe plant, this gel-like extract is filled with vitamins that moisturize, soothe inflammation, prevent free radical damage, and support healthy skin healing. 

B

Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter)

Category:

Botanical, emollient, antioxidant

Description:

A nutrient-rich plant lipid with anti-inflammatory properties that nourishes and smooths very dry skin. One noteworthy compound within Shea Butter is a phytonutrient called lupeol. This triterpene has anti-inflammatory properties that rival the efficacy of non-steroidal anti-inflammatories. Shea Butter contains anywhere from 50-90% fat, and is the perfect emollient for sensitive skin. It is commonly used in psoriasis and eczema creams due to its low allergenicity.

C

Calcium Carbonate

Category:

Mineral, absorbent 

Description:

A powdery form of calcium used in skincare to help absorb excess facial oil. Millions of years ago, seashells settled on the ocean floor, forming rich deposits of calcium and rock. Over centuries, the Earth’s heat and pressure have transformed these deposits into pure calcium carbonate. The particle size of the calcium carbonate dictates the function. Larger particle sizes act as exfoliating scrubs, whereas small particles (powder) can absorb sebum. Extremely eco-friendly, when calcium carbonate is washed off your skin it simply returns to the natural environment from which it came.

Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract (Green Tea Extract)

Category:

Botanical, antioxidant, skin-soothing

Description:

A rich source of antioxidants that ward off free radical damage, which can cause dark spots and premature signs of aging. Green Tea is an abundant source of Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a potent polyphenol that is widely studied for its photoprotective, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In a 2009 study at 2%, green tea reduced acne lesions by 58.33%.

Caprylhydroxamic Acid

Category:

Preservative

Description:

Used as a natural preservative in skincare, this amino acid also helps hydrate the skin.

Caprylyl Glycol

Category:

Humectant, preservative

Description:

One of the safest preservatives, this humectant conditions the skin while preserving the shelf-life of skincare products.

Carbomer

Category:

Thickening agent, texture-enhancer

Description:

A safe, synthetic texture-enhancer and thickening agent used in gels and creams, carbomer is known for being able to absorb as much as 1000 times its mass in water.

Cassia Alata Leaf Extract (Candle Tree Leaf Extract)

Category:

Botanical, astringent

Description:

This natural plant extract is rich in polyphenols, which help repair signs of UV damage. Its antibacterial and antifungal properties help control acne and inflammation. 

Cellulose Gum

Category:

Botanical, texture-enhancer

Description:

A plant-derived fiber used in skincare as a safe texture-enhancer to thicken and stabilize formulas.

Chlorophyllin-Copper Complex

Category:

Color additive

Description:

A green pigment derived from plants (chlorophyll) that is used in skincare to add color and may support the skin’s healing process.

Chrysin

Category:

Botanical, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant

Description:

A botanical extract most commonly extracted from the blue passion flower, this anti-inflammatory isoflavone conditions skin while reducing the appearance of under eye darkness and puffiness. 

Citric Acid 

Category:

Alpha-hydroxy acid, pH-adjuster 

Description:

An acid derived from citrus fruits that’s often used to adjust the pH level of skincare formulas. When used in higher concentrations, citric acid promotes exfoliation and skin renewal.

D

Dimethicone

Category:

Humectant, preservative

Description:

A type of silicone that forms a breathable layer on the skin to minimize water loss and protect your skin barrier. This gentle ingredient also helps formulas glide across the skin while filling in the appearance of pores and fine lines. At just 1%, dimethicone is monographed as an over-the-counter (OTC) skin protectant, meaning it is classified as a drug by the FDA. It is proven to relieve chapped or cracked skin, and is a great hydrator for dry, itchy, rough skin.

Disodium Cocoamphodipropionate (Coconut Acid)

Category:

Cleansing agent

Description:

A mild cleansing and foaming agent derived from coconut oil that cleanses skin without stripping it of its essential moisture

Disodium EDTA

Category:

Chelating agent, preservative

Description:

A synthetic ingredient used in cosmetics as a preservative booster and stabilizing agent

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate

Category:

Cleansing agent

Description:

A non-irritating cleanser found in foaming formulas that gently cleanses while helping the skin retain moisture.

E

Ethylhexylglycerin

Category:

Conditioning agent, preservative

Description:

An effective but safe preservative derived from glycerin that also conditions the skin.

Eucalyptus Globulus Leaf Oil (Eucalyptus)

Category:

Botanical, astringent, anti-inflammatory

Description:

A natural anti-inflammatory extract that purifies skin, controls oil, and fights bacteria.

F

Flaxseed Extract

Category:

Botanical, moisturizer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory

Description:

Derived from seeds of the flax plant, this natural source of essential fatty acids hydrates skin while helping to soothe inflammation.

Fucus Vesiculosus Extract (Bladderwrack Seaweed)

Category:

Botanical, antioxidant, skin-soothing

Description:

A mineral-rich sea plant that nourishes skin and cleanses pores while soothing inflammation.

G

Gluconolactone

Category:

Polyhydroxy acid, exfoliant

Description:

A gentle exfoliating acid that helps the skin shed dead cells and improves the appearance of wrinkles without irritating sensitive skin types.

Glucuronic Acid

Category:

pH adjuster, humectant

Description:

A naturally occurring sugar acid with moisturizing properties that is often used to balance product pH.

Glycerin

Category:

Humectant

Description:

A skin-replenishing ingredient naturally found in plants, glycerin draws moisture into the skin by attracting water from the skin’s deeper layers and the environment.

Glyceryl Caprylate

Category:

Emulsifier, emollient

Description:

Derived from glycerin and caprylic acid, this ingredient is used in cosmetics to smooth and soften skin as well as prevent the separation of oil and water-based ingredients.

Glycolic Acid

Category:

Alpha-hydroxy acid, exfoliant

Description:

An exfoliating acid that dissolves dead skin cells and helps lift hyperpigmentation to reveal brighter, softer skin.

H

Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel)

Category:

Botanical, anti-inflammatory, astringent

Description:

An anti-inflammatory plant extract that helps calm blemishes and controls excess facial oil.

Hemp Seed Oil

Category:

Botanical, skin-soothing

Description:

A lightweight plant oil rich in omega fatty acids that hydrates skin and supports healthy barrier function. Hemp Seed Oil is is made up of 80% essential fatty acid (EFA), and contains an ideal ratio of Omega 6 to Omega 3. EFAs are proven to combat skin atrophy induced by cortisones, which accelerate the skin aging process, making them one of nature’s best anti-wrinkle compounds.

Hexylene Glycol

Category:

Botanical, emollient

Description:

A triglyceride fatty acid derived from the castor bean that moisturizes skin, supports barrier function, and gives skin a silky feel.

Hydrolyzed Corn Starch Octenylsuccinate

Category:

Thickening agent

Description:

A form of corn starch that is used to thicken products and give them a more appealing texture.

Hydrolyzed Rice Protein

Category:

Skin-conditioning

Description:

This protein derived from rice grain reinforces the skin’s moisture barrier and protects skin from environmental pollutants and allergens.

Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

Category:

Skin-conditioning

Description:

Phytopeptides derived from the wheat plant that are used in cosmetics to add moisture to skin and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Hydroxyethylcellulose

Category:

Thickening agent, texture-enhancer

Description:

A plant-derived amino acid that functions as a safe preservative, formula thickener, and emulsifier.

Hydroxypropyl Cyclodextrin

Category:

Chelating agent

Description:

A plant-derived or synthetic carbohydrate that is used in skincare to stabilize formulas.

Hyaluronic Acid

Category:

Moisturizer

Description:

A powerful natural moisturizer that can hold up to 1000 times its weight in water, hyaluronic acid draws moisture into the skin to plump, hydrate, and visibly reduce the look of fine lines.

L

Lactic Acid

Category:

Alpha-hydroxy acid, exfoliant

Description:

Naturally occurring in plant and food sources, this exfoliant dissolves dead skin cells, promotes cellular turnover, and helps lift hyperpigmentation.

Lecithin

Category:

Skin-soothing, emollient, moisturizer

Description:

A fat that can be derived from egg yolks or plants that protects the skin’s moisture barrier and restores hydration.

Lonicera Caprifolium Extract (Honeysuckle)

Category:

Botanical, skin-soothing, anti-inflammatory

Description:

A botanical extract with anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties that reduces redness and helps keep skin clear.

Lonicera Japonica Extract (Japanese Honeysuckle)

Category:

Botanical, skin-soothing, preservative

Description:

High in antioxidants and antibacterial properties, this botanical extract conditions the skin and can be used as a natural preservative.

M

Michelia Champaca Flower Oil (Magnolia Champaca)

Category:

Botanical

Description:

A soothing botanical essential oil that has a calming scent and skin-conditioning benefits.

Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture Extract

Category:

Botanical, renewing, antioxidant

Description:

Natural plant stem cells derived from apples that boost cell repair to create firmer-looking skin.

N

N- Hydroxysuccinimide

Category:

Anti-inflammatory, skin-soothing

Description:

Natural plant stem cells derived from apples that boost cell repair to create firmer-looking skin.

Niacinamide

Category:

Antioxidant

Description:

A form of vitamin B3, niacinamide is a powerful antioxidant that visibly brightens, balances oil, and helps the skin retain moisture. Niacinamide is a proven alternative to hydroquinone, and shows promising results on Melasma, one of the most difficult forms of hyperpigmentation to treat.

P

Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7

Category:

Peptide

Description:

A skin-regenerating peptide that increases the amount of hyaluronic acid in the skin, reduces inflammation, and helps support collagen production.

Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-1

Category:

Peptide

Description:

A skin-regenerating peptide that can help reduce the appearance of wrinkles and free radical damage while strengthening the skin’s protective barrier.

Panthenol

Category:

Vitamin, antioxidant

Description:

A form of vitamin B5 that hydrates, calms, and protects skin from irritants.

Pearl Powder

Category:

Skin-conditioning

Description:

Extracted from pearls, this natural ingredient is high in amino acids that hydrate and visibly brighten skin.

PEG-7 Glyceryl Cocoate

Category:

Emollient, emulsifier, cleansing agent

Description:

Derived from coconut fatty acids and glycerin, this safe synthetic ingredient effectively cleanses while drawing moisture into the skin. This ingredient is also used to prevent separation of oil and water-based ingredients.

Pelargonium Graveolens (Rose Geranium Oil)

Category:

Botanical

Description:

An antibacterial and anti-inflammatory essential oil that calms redness and irritation and manages acne breakouts.

Phenethyl Alcohol

Category:

Preservative

Description:

An alcohol used in skincare to extend shelf-life and prevent bacterial growth.

Phenoxyethanol

Category:

Preservative, stabilizer

Description:

A common synthetic preservative that is used in very small concentrations to prevent bacterial growth as an alternative to parabens and other preservatives.

Phenyl t-Butylnitrone

Category:

Antioxidant

Description:

By neutralizing free radicals, this antioxidant compound prevents the collagen breakdown that causes fine lines, dark spots and loss of tone.

Phyllanthus Emblica Fruit Extract (Amla Fruit or Indian Gooseberry)

Category:

Botanical, antioxidant

Description:

A fruit essence high in vitamin C, polyphenols, and flavonoids that protects skin against free radical damage and can help visibly brighten the look of dark spots.

R

Retinol

Category:

Vitamin, antioxidant

Description:

A powerful form of vitamin A that stimulates collagen production and cellular turnover, reducing the appearance of hyperpigmentation, enlarged pores, fine lines and wrinkles.

S

Saccharomyces Lysate Extract

Category:

Skin-conditioning, anti-inflammatory, cell repair

Description:

A type of yeast commonly used in beer brewing that improves the absorption of other active ingredients. It can also help soothe irritation thanks to beta-glucan, a natural component of yeast with calming properties.

Salicylic Acid

Category:

Beta hydroxy acid, exfoliant, acne treatment

Description:

A beta hydroxy acid that dissolves dead skin cells, controls excess oil production, and battles acne-causing bacteria.

Salix Nigra Extract (Willow Bark)

Category:

Botanical, exfoliant

Description:

A natural source of salicylic acid, this natural exfoliator gently resurfaces, prevents acne breakouts, and softens the look of fine lines.

T

Tetrasodium Glutamate Diacetate

Category:

Chelating agent, preservative-booster

Description:

 A synthetic ingredient that is added to cosmetics to enhance the effectiveness of preservatives so that a lower concentration of preservatives can be used.

U

Ubiquinone (CoQ10)

Category:

Antioxidant

Description:

An anti-aging antioxidant, also known as Coenzyme Q10, that naturally occurs in the body. Applied topically, it helps prevent free radical damage and supports healthy collagen.

X

Xanthan Gum

Category:

Thickening agent, emulsifier

Description:

A stabilizing agent made from plant-based sources that helps thicken formulas and prevent separation of oil and water-based ingredients.

Y

Yeast Extract

Category:

Skin-soothing, moisturizer

Description:

A naturally fermented ingredient that supports collagen and provides moisture.

Z

Zea Mays (Corn Starch)

Category:

Thickening agent

Description:

An absorbent, plant-based powder that can be used to absorb excess facial oil, thicken creams, and give formulas a silkier feel.