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What You Need To Know About Hormones And How They Affect Your Skin

Hormones are essential to our bodies but they can also affect the way our skin looks and feels – especially as we age. I have outlined what you need to know about hormones and how they can cause skin problems. The good news is, If you know how to treat your skin throughout your life, you can look and feel wonderful no matter what age.

Estrogen | What is it?

Estrogen is a group of hormones that are important for sexual and reproductive development, mainly in women. Estrogen is produced by the ovaries prior to menopause and by the adrenal glands after menopause. Those adrenal glands will produce less estrogen in people with high levels of stress as well as poor sleep cycles, irregular eating habits or sickness. Estrogen levels begin to fluctuate in most women in their mid to late 40s and eventually, production falls to a very low level.

How does it affect skin?

Estrogen helps skin stay moist by boosting hyaluronic acid, a naturally occurring carbohydrate present in the spaces between skin cells, where it provides moisture, plumpness, firmness and suppleness to the skin.

During menopause, lower levels of estrogen have a big impact on your skin. As estrogen levels fall, less collagen and elastin are produced. This decrease in estrogen production makes skin thinner and less elastic, which results in wrinkling and sagging. Estrogen supplementation in postmenopausal women leads to younger looking skin and also helps maintained skin’s collagen, thickness, elasticity and ability to retain moisture. I also suggest my clients consider skin treatments that contain hyaluronic acid, like my ultra Hydrating HA Serum, and keep skin glowing and youthful. 

Testosterone | What is it?

Testosterone is a male androgen hormone that controls male physical features, such as body hair, adam’s apple, and an increase in the length of the bones, increasing overall height. Women have testosterone too, but in much lower levels than in men.

How does it affect skin?

Sebum is the oily substance that keeps our body moisturized. High levels of testosterone can cause an overproduction of sebum, which clogs pores and creates an environment for bacteria to thrive. In this way, excessive testosterone (in women or men) may result in acne on the face, chest or back.

Between ages 40 through 55, women tend to experience an increase in androgen levels and a decline in estrogen, making the skin thinner, less elastic, and also causing adult acne.

While men tend to experience the opposite – an increase in estrogen and a decline in testosterone, which causes the skin to dry out. Both men and women should schedule skin treatments regularly and it’s important to set a regimen that addresses the specific issues and concerns each individual has.

Progesterone | What is it?

Progesterone is a female hormone released by the ovaries. It prepares the lining of the uterus for a fertilized egg and helps maintain early pregnancy. Changing progesterone levels can contribute to abnormal menstrual periods and menopausal symptoms.

How does it affect skin?

Contrary to estrogen, progesterone levels often begin to decline in women in their mid to late 30’s, which leads to dull-looking skin. This hormone is essential for skin elasticity and circulation. Softer, more elastic skin results in wrinkles and lines becoming less apparent over time. Natural progesterone cream can also help dry skin and wrinkling on the face and brown spots on the hands and arms. 

Progesterone levels decline with menopause as well as with stress. Therefore, stress management and sleeping well is crucial to maintaining healthy progesterone levels.

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